Celtic patterns

The Celts were a group of tribal societies that lived during the Iron Age, at first only in Central Europe, and later spread westwards as far as to the Irish islands, southwestwards up to the Iberian Peninsula and eastwards up to the Balkan Peninsula. The Celts occupied most of the space around 275 BC, but after the Roman conquest and the arrival of Germanic tribes their territory on the European continent was conquered and a considerable number of them remained only on the British-Irish Isles. The Celts were highly skilled in metalworking and metallurgy and beautifully decorated metal objects have been found in various Celtic archaeological sites. The Romans did not fail to notice the Celtic wealth, and since the Celts were not centrally governed they fell an easy prey to the organized, conquering Roman army. Having been conquered and robbed, the Celtic people had to accept the Roman lifestyle. Nowadays, our knowledge gained on the ancient Celtic culture and art is based on the artifacts found in Celtic archaeological sites because there are very few written records except for the biased texts written by the Ancient Romans who described all others but themseves as barbarians. The old Celtic art was reduced to decorative art as it consisted of decorating jewelry, monuments, weapons, textiles and similar items that the Celts made. The Celts were highly skilled and they developed various kinds of decorative patterns. Nowadays, the most popular is the Celtic knot pattern, among a variety of pattern types that are used: Celtic animal patterns, Celtic spiral patterns, Celtic key patterns...

The Celts commonly used a decorative spiral pattern, while the knot pattern started to prevail on the British-Irish Isles during the early Christian period. This art style is called Insular Art and it can be seen in the early Christian books whose decorations were inspired by ancient pagan Celtic patterns. The illuminated manuscript Gospel Books "The Book of Kells" and "The Book of Durrow" are among the oldest and most significant examples of Insular Art where the most beautiful Celtic patterns can be seen.

In the "Celtic patterns" category on our website, we present you all kinds of Celtic pattern types which can be downloaded in a 2D CAD (dwg format) or vector (eps and svg formats) form.

All Celtic patterns in this category are free to use for personal use and most of them can be used commercially.