Free wrought iron furniture and accessories plans

WELDING PROJECTS

The term „wrought iron“ can have more than one meaning, but it is usually being used as a description for a type of metal.

Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon content (less than 0,1%) and 1-2 % of slag (fibrous inclusions). Wrought iron can be easily worked and weld, it can stand a heavy load and it is corrosion resistant. Because of its corrosion resistance it was a favourite material for making products that were exposed to weather conditions, such as gates, railings, outdoor furniture, etc. All iron-based metals (ferrous metals) corrode, but wrought iron corrode slower than steel.

Because of development of cheaper and more effective production methods, wrought iron is no longer manufactured commercially and its usage has been almost completely replaced by using mild steel. Today all the products described as wrought iron (outdoor furniture, railings, gates) are made of mild steel. The description “wrought iron” remained, because these products were formerly made of wrought iron. The true wrought iron is being made in very small amounts and it is mostly used for restoration of historic structures.

From the point of view of artists and craftsmen, the end of wrought iron production is a big mistake, because wrought iron was an ideal working material.

Because of its cheap production and very good features mild steel has completely replaced wrought iron. Mild steel contains 0,16 – 0, 29% carbon.  Mild steel has a relatively low tensile strength, but it is cheap and malleable; surface hardness can be increased through carburizing. The density of mild steel is approximately 7.85 g/cm3 (0.284 lb/in3) and the Young's modulus is 210,000 MPa (30,000,000 psi). The production of mild steel is very cheap and it is commonly used for the constructions that require using great amounts of steel.  

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Garden bicycle plant holder plan Garden tricycle planter plan Rustic tricycle planter plan
     
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Four bottle wine rack    
Four bottle wine rack plan    


Under the title „wrought iron products“ we usually consider gates, railings, furniture... The wrought iron products have elegance and when combined with wood these products are extraordinary beautiful.

Strength, weather resistance and beauty are the three best reasons to own some wrought iron products. And also another great characteristic of wrought iron products is that they can be combined with old styles of architecture and interior decoration as well as they fit to modern styles.

Wrought iron products are long-lasting, have great strength and can be worked into beautiful shapes by bending, pressing, casting or cutting.

In our Wrought iron category we recommend you plans for various useful and decorative items such as plant holders, wall shelves, candlesticks, easels etc. To make these items well, you should have experience with welding and bending metal. Besides that, you will need welding machine and proper metal bending tools.

When working on projects with mild steel, keep in mind that steel corrode very easily, so you should protect the steel parts by some of the prevention processes, such as galvanization, powder coating or using paint for corrosion protection.