Push stick and push block plans

In front of you, there are drawings that will allow you to make several variants of push sticks.
Push Sticks have two roles:
- to control the movement of a workpiece during machine processing (reducing the risk of kickback) 
- to keep your fingers away from blades and cutters.
Woodworkers make them usually from wood, while the commercial ones are made mainly of plastic. There is a large number of high quality push sticks on the market that you can purchase. However, their quality is no better than the quality of the ones you can make yourselves from scrap wood in your workshop. Push sticks are used as safety devices during processing on almost all carpentry machines, mainly when working with: table saws, router tables, jointers i band saws.
Push stick and push block plans
It is desirable that you dispose of several types of push sticks in the workshop (for different machines and of different sizes) and that you always keep them within your reach. For your safety, it is very important to create a habit of using the appropriate type when operating the machines. 
There are two types of push sticks: Notched push sticks and shoe push sticks.
If you choose to design notched push sticks yourselves, you must take care that:
- the dimensions of the handle fit your hand  (feel right in the hand) for good control and
- the angle between the push stick handle and the machine table is about 45 degrees
- notch of the bottom edge must be deep enough to support the workpiece.
Notched push sticks allow the woodworker to apply forward pressure, but their major disadvantage is a slight downward pressure. Therefore, avoid using them when a high downward pressure is required.
When the workpiece dimensions allow you, always use a push block or a shoe style push stick which apply not only forward pressure, but substantial downward pressure as well.

Notched push stick plan

Notched push stick plan

Notched push stick - How to use

Notched push stick - 2D Drawing

Push stick - How to use

Shoe push stick plan 

Push stick plan - Version 1

Push stick 2D drawing - Version 1

Push stick plan - Version 2

Push stick 2D drawing - Version 2

Push stick plan - Version 3

Push stick 2D drawing - Version 3

Push stick plan - Version 4

Push stick 2D drawing - Version 4

Push stick plan - Version 5

Push stick 2D drawing - Version 5

Notched push stick plan (PDF - 2 Pages, 565Kb)
Push stick plan (PDF - 11 Pages, 534kb)


In addition to the drawings for making push sticks (Notched and Shoe style push sticks) on this page, we also offer drawings for several push block variants. 
Push blocks have the same role as push sticks, but they are more applied when using machines such as jointers, shapers, router tables, etc. There is a number of types of push blocks. Some of them have universal use, and some are specialized for certain operations on various machines. Both the push sticks and push blocks are usually used in combination with the feather boards.
A push block is a flat board with a top-mounted handle that allows the user to maintain downward pressure.
Table saw push block plans
Simple table saw push block plan
Table saw push blocks – suitable for longer boards, Keeps the workpiece under control through the entire cut.
Table saw push block plan
When jointing the edge of a workpiece, there are three actions that you must perform simultaneously.
1) Apply consistent downward pressure on the workpiece.
2) Apply consistent lateral pressure on the workpiece 
3) Apply pressure to the end of the piece to feed it through the jointer.
The simple jointer push block fulfills all of the three demands and can be a very useful tool in your workshop. You can also use it on the router table when routing a workpiece on edge.
When flattening the face of a board, an additional problem occurs - there is no safe place for you to hold the workpiece and push it over the cutterhead, which means that the making of this push block is very important for your safety.
When flattening the face of a board, pressure must be applied in two directions:
1. Forward- to push the workpiece over the cutterhead
2. Downward- to keep the workpiece flat against the jointer table.
One of the most efficient ways to work with the jointer is to use the push block to maneuver the workpiece toward the cutterhead and the padded block to hold the workpiece down in order to prevent bouncing. This method is excellent for face jointing, while for edge jointing the shoe style push block can be used.
Jointer push block plans
Jointer push block plan
Push block for face jointing plan
Another way to make a jointer push block.
Two handed jointer push block plan
Padded block plan
Padded block plan