This kind of flourish ornaments can often be seen in catalogs of American typography companies of the 19th century. A distinctive feature of flourishes in this collection is their composition – a combination of series of individual strokes and dots. This is quite different in style from flourishing in the previous centuries. Most calligraphic flourishes, which can be seen in calligraphers` sketchbooks and printed books from an earlier period (16th to 18th centuries), were in form of flourished extended letter strokes or stand-alone ornaments, but almost always executed as single, uninterrupted lines, while dots were used very scarcely.
These Victorian ornaments were created for printing machines, so they have not much in common with calligraphy flourishing. The main purpose of these “modern” flourishes *these flourishes, which were considered “modern” at that time, was to serve as design elements for printing (page or book decorations).