Free vector illustration of a Parnassius apollo butterfly. Parnassius apollo (or Mountain Apollo) is a butterfly of the Papilionidae family.

Parnassius apollo is a typical mountain species that can be found on the flowery alpine meadows and pastures of Europe. Apollo butterflies need cold winters and sunny summers, wide open spaces, an abundance of meadows rich in nectar, and the presence of stonecrops and houseleeks which are preferred host plants for the caterpillars.


Parnassius apollo butterfly vector
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This free butterfly vector can be downloaded in the following formats: 2D CAD (dwg) and vector (eps and svg)

Due to their specific habitat requirements, Apollo populations are isolated from each other, which has resulted in many different local forms, individual variations and color polymorphism.

By feeding on stonecrops, Apollo caterpillars ingest and accumulate sarmentonsin in their bodies, which is a bitter-tasting cyanoglucoside also found in butterfly wings. This serves as a defence mechanism to repulse predators due to the foul taste of insects.

Parnassius apollo is listed as a rare and endangered species, mainly due to loss of habitat and climate change.


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Submitted by Ceh Jan


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